Historical Article: Therapy with African Americans and the Phenomenon of Rage. Ken Hardy (USA)
During the late 1990’s through the 2000’s African American family therapist Ken Hardy was a regular keynote and workshop presenter at VSNT narrative therapy conferences. His scholarship and practice led the way in bringing forward ideas on race, racism, internalized racism, and racial oppression within dominant culture and the field of family therapy.
Traditional approaches to therapy with African Americans tend to focus on the structural dimensions of Black’ family life . Although important, such ap- proaches frequently overlook the psychological impact of racial oppression on the daily life expe- riences of AfricanAmericans. As a group, African Americans differ vastly. For example, gender, class, regionality, family background, and unique life experiences all contribute to the hetero-geneity that characterizes the group. Despite the diversity, virtually al African Americans share in common experiences with racism and discrimination. Hence, virtually all African Americans suf- fer the psychological effects of racial oppression, includincg rage, alienation, and self-hatred.
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